Thursday, July 19, 2018

Reason of breaking the ship - Quran Chapter 18 – 79 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1908) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  79 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1908) درس قرآن

Reason of breaking the ship


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

أَمَّا ٱلسَّفِينَةُفَكَانَتْ لِمَسَٰكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِى ٱلْبَحْرِ فَأَرَدتُّ أَنْ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَآءَهُم مَّلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا 79

79.  As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working on the river, and I wished to mar it, for there was a king behind them who is taking every ship by force.
79.  ‘Ammas-safiinatu  fakaa-nat  li-masaakiina  ya’-maluuna  fil-bahri  fa-‘arattu  ‘an  ‘a-‘iiba-haa  wa  kaana  waraaa-‘ahum-malikuny-ya’-khuzu  kulla  safiinatin  gasbaa.
        
Commentary

Waraaa-‘a – (at distance, further off, beyond, behind, on the other side), it aims - on which direction the ship was proceeding, further off on that side, there was a cruel king, who used to either snatch every that ship which was in good condition or compel into service without pay.

The actual matter is that even after collection of goods, any work is performed at that time when Allah Almighty permits that it should be done, otherwise it cannot be done. In such condition, sometimes there may be any apparent reason and sometimes any hidden force. Here, to save the ship from the cruel king, Khizar (peace be upon him) was appointed as a reason. In this verse, Khizar (peace be upon him) is saying to Moses (peace be upon him): It was approved by Allah Almighty that the ship should be broken a little by my hand, so that it may be safe and sound from the control of that cruel king, and some poor people’s source of earning may not lose from them for always.

Khizar (peace be upon him) is going to say: The ship belonged to some poor and hard working people, who used to row the ship in the river for passengers, receive fare charges from them and manage provisions for themselves. At the time of disembarkation, I broke one plank of the ship, because if it were faultless, then after going forth a little, the cruel king (who had appointed his men for the same purpose ahead on the river bank) would have snatched it from them.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/g962-QQROrg

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

The Law and God’s Philosophy - Quran Chapter 18 – 78 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1907) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  78 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1907) درس قرآن

The Law and God’s Philosophy


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

قَالَ هَٰذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا 78

78.  He said: There is the parting between thee and me! I will announce unto thee the interpretation of that thou couldst not bear with patience.
78.  Qaala  haazaa  firaaqu  baynii  wa  baynik.  Sa-‘unabbi-‘uka  bi-ta’-wiili  maa  lam  tastati’-  ‘alayhi  sabraa.
        
Commentary

Ta’-wiil – (interpretation, last aim), it means “perfect explanation of any work or matter”.

When Messenger Moses (peace be upon him) could not prevent himself from objecting at the third stage too, then according to the condition produced by himself, Khizar (peace be upon him) said to him: That’s all! Companionship among you and me has been finished now. As you had promised yourself, now you cannot bear with me. So Good Bye! But before parting, I shall tell you actual aim and perfect object of those works; which you could not see with patience.

In the verse next to the above, Khizar (peace be upon him) explains the reasons that why those works were committed, which he did in the companionship of Moses (peace be upon him). Summary of those works is that “Allah Almighty commanded to Khizar (peace be upon him) to do those works on account of some particular reasons.

He (peace be upon him) did not do any work at his own. If he had committed any of those works in accordance with his own wish or sensual passions, then he would be sinner in the Court of God Almighty. At the spot his position was only of means. If He (Allah Almighty) wished; He was able to make the ship useless by any accident, slay the boy by any other disaster or take the work of repairing the wall from someone else. But He made Khizar (peace be upon him) a source of those occurrences instead of any other cause. And he (peace be upon him) was informed also about the philosophy of those occurrences. And He sent Moses (peace be upon him) to behold those works with his eyes.    

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/ZfI_hk4N0Zs

Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Asking for food - Quran Chapter 18 – 77 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1906) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  77 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1906) درس قرآن

Asking for food


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَيَآ أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ ٱسْتَطْعَمَآ أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا۟ أَن يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَن يَنقَضَّفَأَقَامَهُۥ قَالَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا 77

77.  So they both journeyed on till, when they came unto the folk of a certain township, they asked its folk for food, but they refused to make them guests. And they found therein a wall upon the point of falling into ruin, and he repaired it. (Moses) said: If thou hadst wished, thou couldst have taken payment for it.
77.  Fantalaqaa.  Hattaaa  ‘izaaa  ‘atayaaa  ‘ahla-  qaryati-nistat-‘a-maaa  ‘ahlahaa  fa-‘abow  ‘any-yuzayyifuu-humaa  fa-wajadaa  fiihaa  jidaarany-yuriidu  ‘any-yanqazza  fa-‘aqaamah.  Qaala  law  shi’-ta  lattakhazta  ‘alayhi  ‘ajraa.
        
Commentary

‘Any-yuzayyifuu – (that they make guests), this word has been derived from “taz-yiifun”. Actually this word was yuzayyifuuna, but due to use of the word “‘an” before this word, the last “na” has been removed. Origin of this word is zayf, which means “a guest”. Taz-yiifun means “to make guest, to entertain the guest, to feed”.

Then they moved forth and arrived at a township. The people of that township did neither accept them as guests and nor arranged provision for Khizar, Moses (peace be upon them) and their tired companions. Even that they asked them for their requirement, nevertheless, they were not entertained. It was obvious clearly that the people of the township were not at all deserving of any sympathy.

Even on this, Khizar (peace be upon him) stopped near a wall in their township which was upon the point of falling into ruin and he engaged in its maintenance. He (peace be upon him) continued working on it till it had become straight and strong again.

Beholding this all, Moses (peace be upon him) was very surprised. He (peace be upon him) felt that Khizar (peace be upon him) misbehaved with the owner of the ship by breaking his ship after disembarkation, who transported them across the river free of fare. Whereas, remuneration of disregarding and inhuman behavior by these ill-mannered people of the township was that he (peace be upon him) reconstructed their such wall without getting labor charges; which was near to fall. It came out from the mouth of Moses (peace be upon him) thoughtlessly: These inhuman people did never deserve this favor which you performed. At least you could have taken wages of your work. Now they will have no perception that their inhuman behavior was unreasonable.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/y1aeNDSgDu0

Keep not company with me - Quran Chapter 18 – 75 & 76 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1905) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  75 & 76 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1905) درس قرآن

Keep not company with me


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِىَ صَبْرًا 75

 قَالَ إِن سَأَلْتُكَ عَن شَىْءٍۭ بَعْدَهَا فَلَا تُصَٰحِبْنِىقَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِن لَّدُنِّى عُذْرًا 76

75.  He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me?

76.  (Moses) said: If I ask thee after this concerning aught, keep not company with me. Thou hast received an excuse from me.
(PART – 16)
75.  QAALA  ‘ALAM  ‘aqul-laka  ‘innaka  lan-  tastatii-‘a  ma-‘iya  sabraa.

76.  Qaala  ‘in-  sa-‘altuka  ‘an  shay-‘im-  ba’-dahaa  falaa  tu-saahibnii.  Qad  balagta  milla-dunnii  ‘uzraa.
        
Commentary

When Messenger Moses (peace be upon him) could not bear looking an innocent boy being slain before him, he said thoughtlessly: you committed this work which is entirely against sense, traditions, laws and customs. Then again; Khizar (peace be upon him) reminded to Moses (peace be upon him): You had promised me to keep silent and say or ask nothing concerning any matter. He (peace be upon him) repeated the same words strongly for causing to remember: Did I not say to you that you would not be able to bear with me silently and patiently? Then Moses (peace be upon him) understood that speaking out by him during every occurrence cannot be determined as an excuse forgivable. Helplessly he said: What can I say, (instead of saying “apology” which was in fact due to forgetfulness also at that time), please forgive me once again. If I speak again then you should not keep company with me. And I say at the spot that I shall not have any complaint of it. I admit that you have forgiven me twice and now you will be at right if you see me off at the third time. And for this purpose you will have a strong reason, to which I accept before time.  

Hearing this, Khizar (peace be upon him) became silent.   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/9snTs7RMW5E

Sunday, July 15, 2018

hey twain journeyed unto the next village - Quran Chapter 18 – 73 & 74 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1904) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  73 & 74 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1904) درس قرآن

They twain journeyed unto the next village

Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

قَالَ لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِى بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِى مِنْ أَمْرِى عُسْرًا 73

 فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا لَقِيَا غُلَٰمًا فَقَتَلَهُۥ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًازَكِيَّةًۢ بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَّقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْـًٔا نُّكْرًا 74

73.  (Moses) said: Be not wroth with me that I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my fault.

74.  So they twain journeyed on till, when they met a lad, he slew him. (Moses) said: What! Hast thou slain an innocent soul who hath slain no man? Verily thou hast done a horrid thing.
73.  Qaala  laa  tu-‘aakhiznii  bimaa  nasiitu  wa  laa  turhiqnii  min  ‘amrii  ‘usraa.

74.  Fantalaqaa;  hattaa  ‘izaa  laqiyaa  gulaaman  faqatalahuu,  qaala  ‘aqatalta  nafsan-  zakiy-yatam-  bi-gayri  nafs.  Laqad  ji’-ta  shay-‘an-nukraa.
        
Commentary

Laa  turhiq – (Be not hard), it is a negative sentence from the word ‘irhaaq, origin of which is “ra-ha-qa”. Rahaq means “to cover, to conceal, to put on”. ‘Irhaaq means “to dress”.

Zakiy-yatan – (pure, innocent), this word is an adjective from zakaat, which means “purity, chasteness, cleanliness etc.” zakiyyah means “neat clear, pure, chaste”.

Nukran – (against the rules), the thing; which is contrary to the alias (‘urf). ‘Urf means “the matter; commonly which is considered good”. Nukrun means – which is considered bad.

Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) began to say: Hey! Indeed I have forgotten. As I promised, I had to be patient. Really the work of living with you, for which I have taken responsibility, is not easy. But if you did not show partiality; then it would become more difficult for me. Please make not this work difficult for me and overlook.

Well! Khizar (peace be upon him) accepted the excuse of Moses (peace be upon him) and they twain moved forward.

The next, an incident happened again. It was more exciting than the earlier. When they passed nearby a township, some boys were playing there. Khizar (peace be upon him) caught and slaughtered a boy from them satisfactorily and unhesitatingly. Moses (peace be upon him) said immediately: Slaying this boy is contrary to sense and transcribing. What did you do this? Khizar (peace be upon him) continued hearing from Moses (peace be upon him). Then whatever he answered, that will be described in the next lesson.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/IPP5lShYwPY

Saturday, July 14, 2018

Khizar made a hole in the ship intentionally - Quran Chapter 18 – 71 & 72 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1903) درس قرآن




Quran Chapter 18  71 & 72 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1903) درس قرآن

Khizar made a hole in the ship intentionally


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا رَكِبَا فِى ٱلسَّفِينَةِ خَرَقَهَا قَالَ أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْـًٔا إِمْرًا 71

  قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَلَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِىَ صَبْرًا 72

71.  So they twain set out till, when they were in the ship, he made a hole therein. (Moses) said: Hast thou made a hole therein to drown the folk thereof? Thou verily hast done a dreadful thing.

72.  He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me?
71.  Fantalaqaa;  hattaaa  ‘izaa  rakibaa  fis-safiinati  kharaqahaa.  Qaala  ‘akharaqtahaa  li-tugriqa  ‘ahlahaa.  Laqad  ji’-ta  shay-‘an  ‘imraa.

72.  Qaala  ‘alam  ‘aqul  ‘innaka  lan-tastatii-‘a  ma-‘iya  sabraa.
        
Commentary

‘Imraa – (dreadful, unusual, astonishing, awful), origin of this word is also ‘a-ma-ra, from which ‘Amrun has been made. It means – command, behest, affair, condition etc. ‘Imrun means “an unusual matter”.

Then they both {Moses and Khizar (peace be upon them)} marched up together. When they were moving forth, in the way they had to cross a river. They embarked in a ship. The owners of the ship were familiar of Khizar (peace be upon him). They did not take fare of ship from them and carried them to the other bank of the river. When the ship reached ashore, they disembarked. But before disembarkation, Khizar (peace be upon him) disjoined a plank with an axe from the bottom of the ship, by which a great hole had been appeared, water began to enter and then the ship was unable to move on the water. The owners of the ship did act of kindness and caused them to embark in the ship free of fare. Instead of acknowledging their kindness, their ship was damaged.

When Moses (peace be upon him) saw this; he became impatient and said: A dreadful matter has been occurred by you, which does not have any concern with the Law fixed by Allah Almighty. Now the poor owner of the ship cannot earn. What did you do this? Khizar (peace be upon him) was hearing and understanding that reproof by Moses (peace be upon him) was proper. After hearing everything, he said: Did I not say to you that you would not be able to bear with me silently and patiently?   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/X-nm64gsIek

Inclination unto accepting the condition - Quran Chapter 18 – 69 & 70 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1902) درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 18  69 & 70 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1902) درس قرآن

Inclination unto accepting the condition


Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِىٓ إِن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلَآ أَعْصِى لَكَ أَمْرًا 69

 قَالَ فَإِنِ ٱتَّبَعْتَنِى فَلَا تَسْـَٔلْنِى عَن شَىْءٍ حَتَّىٰٓأُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا 70

69.  He said: Allah willing, thou shalt find me patient and I shall not in aught gainsay thee.

70.  He said: Well, if thou go with me, ask me not concerning aught till I myself make mention of it unto thee.
69.  Qaala  satajiduniii  ‘in  shaaa-‘Allaahu  saabiranw-wa  laaa  ‘a’-sii  laka  ‘amraa.

70.  Qaala  fa-‘inittaba’-tanii  falaa  tas-‘alnii  ‘an  shay-‘in  hattaaa  ‘uhdisa  laka  minhu  zikraa.
(Section 9)
        
Commentary

After hearing instructions from Khizar, Messenger Moses (peace be upon them) disclosed his inclination of accepting his condition for living with him to learn about a new knowledge, but along with it he said also “‘in  shaaa-‘Allaahu” (God willing), so that the Support of Allah Almighty should be with the circumstances; and blame of clear breach of promise may not come upon him {Moses (peace be upon him)} that “Allah willing, you will find me patient and I shall not do against your any command.”

At that time Khizar (peace be upon him) said: After it I have no objection to keep you with myself. However, you should bear in mind only that if you desire to live with me then you should see (whatsoever I do) everything silently without speaking any word. Till I make mention myself and begin to tell you about any matter at my own, neither you are allowed to criticize and nor ask that “why did I do this?”

We knew from this entire story that the Religious Law is neither bound of any particular ‘Ilhaam, Kashf or Saying of any Friend of God; and nor it will show any favor upon any person on the basis that he claims about knowing hidden secrets; and he should let go, but It abides by those Principles which are sent from Allah Almighty unto His Messengers (peace be upon them) by means of Divine Revelation.

Some people, who violate the Laws of the Religion openly, make the forbidden things lawful, and if any other prevents; then they reply: we know more secrets than you. Such argument of theirs will not be acceptable and they will be punished due to doing against the Religious Laws, till it is not proved by evidence that they are free from charge.   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/Q48bbG3aXss

Reason of breaking the ship - Quran Chapter 18 – 79 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1908) درس قرآن

Quran   Chapter 18   –  79  (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1908)  درس   قرآن Reason of breaking the ship Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18 ‘...