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Showing posts from August, 2014

LESSON # 482 - The Bounds Of Allah Almighty

LESSON # 482 FROM HOLY QUR’ANThe Bounds Of Allah AlmightySurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verses –113 & 14m of 176, Section –2/24 (Part – 4)
13.  These are the bounds of Allah. And whoso obeyeth Allah and His Messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where such will dwell for ever. And that will be the great success.
14.  And whoso disobeyeth Allah and His Messenger and transgresseth His limits, He will make him enter Fire, where he will dwell for ever; his will be a shameful doom.  13.  Tilka  Huduudul-laah.  Wa  many-  yuti-‘il-laaha  wa  Rasuulahuu  yudkhil-hu  Jannaatin-  tajrii  min-  tahti-  hal-  ‘anhaaru  khaalidiina  fii-haa.  Wa  zaalikal-fawzul- ‘aziim.
14.  Wa  many-ya’-sillaaha  wa Rasuulahuu  wa  yata-‘adda  huduudahuu  yud-khilhu  Naaran  khaalidiina  fiihaa;  wa  lahuu  ‘azaabum-muhiin.

Huduudul-laah – (The bounds of Allah), Huduud is plural of Hadd which means limit, bound.Hadd is the place, where …

LESSON # 481 - Commandment From Allah About Inheritance

LESSON # 481 FROM HOLY QUR’ANCommandment From Allah About InheritanceSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verses –12b of 176, Section –2/24 (Part – 4)
And if they be more than two, then they shall be sharers in the third, after any legacy that may have been bequeathed or debt (contracted) not injuring (the heirs by willing away more than a third of the heritage) hath been paid. A commandment from Allah. And Allah is Knower, Indulgent. Fa-‘in  kaanuuu  ‘ak-sara  min  zaalika  fahum  shura-kaaa-‘u  fissulusi  mim- ba’-di  Wasiyyatiny-yuu-saa  bihaaa ‘aw  daynin,  gayra  muzaaarr.  Wa-siyyatam-minal-laah,  wAllaahu  ‘Aliimun  Ha-liim.

If step-brothers and sisters from the mother side (‘akhyaafii) are more than one, then they all will be paid one-third from the wealth of inheritance. However, debt will be returned and the bequeathed legacy will be made up first, provided that the other persons are not harmed due to the bequest. There are two forms of loss:
·The …

LESSON # 480 - Hereditary Of Husband And Wife

LESSON # 480 FROM HOLY QUR’ANHereditary Of Husband And WifeSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verses –12a of 176, Section –2/24 (Part – 4)
And unto you belongeth a half of that which your wives leave, if they have no child; but if they have a child then unto you the fourth of that which they leave, after any legacy they may have bequeathed, or debt (they may have contracted, hath been paid). And unto them belongeth the fourth of that which ye leave if ye have no child, but if ye have a child then the eighth of that which ye leave, after any legacy ye may have bequeathed, or debt (ye may have contracted, hath been paid). And if a man or a woman have a distant heir (having left neither parent nor child), and he (or she) have a brother or a sister (only on the mother’s side) then to each of them twain (the brother and the sister) the sixth.Wa  lakum  nisfu  maa  taraka  ‘azwaa-jukum  ‘illam-  yakulla-hunna  walad.  Fa-‘in-  kaana  lahunna  waladun-  falakumur-…

LESSON # 479 - Allah Has Determined The Shares From Heritage

LESSON # 479 FROM HOLY QUR’ANAllah Has Determined The Shares From HeritageSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verses –11 of 176, Section –2/24 (Part – 4)
Allah commands you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be only women more than two, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then for her is the half. And to each of the parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he have a son; and if he have no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; but if he have brethren, then to his mother appertaineth the sixth, after any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (hath been paid). Your parents and your children: Ye know not which of them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.  Yuusii-kumullaahu  fiii  ‘aw-laadikum  lizzakari  mislu  haz-zil-‘unsa-yayn.  Fa-‘in- kunna  nisaaa-‘a…

LESSON # 478 - Suppose The Orphans As Your Own Children

LESSON # 478 FROM HOLY QUR’ANSuppose The Orphans As Your Own ChildrenSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verses – 9 & 10 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
9.  And let those fear (in their behaviour toward orphans) who if they left behind them weak offspring would be afraid for them. So let them mind their duty to Allah, and speak justly.
10.  Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies. And they will be exposed to burning flame. 9.  Wal-yakh-shallaziina  law  tarakuu  min  khalfihim  zurriy-yatan- zi-‘aafan  khaafuu  ‘alay-him  fal-yattaqullaaha  wal-yaquuluu  qawlan- sadiidaa.
10.  ‘Innallaziina  ya’-kuluuna  ‘amwaalal-yataamaa  zulman  ‘innamaa  ya’-kuluuna  fii  butuu-nihim  Naaraa.  Wa  sa-yas-lawna  sa-‘iiraa.

Apparently, it seems that this order is for the guardians and the protectors of the orphans but if we observe it minutely then we will find that it is also applicable upon the other people…

LESSON # 477 - Mild Behavior At The Division Of Heritage

LESSON # 477 FROM HOLY QUR’ANMild Behavior At The Division Of HeritageSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verse – 8 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
And when kinsfolk  and orphans and the needy are present at the division (of the heritage), bestow on them therefrom and speak kindly unto them.Wa  ‘izaa  hazaral-qismata  ‘ulul-qurbaa   wal-yataamaa  wal-masaakiinu  far-zuquuhum-min-hu  wa  quuluu  lahum  qawlam-ma’-ruufaa.

‘ulul-qurbaa – (kinsfolk), close relatives are called ‘ulul-qurbaa and kinsmen.
far-zuquuhum– {bestow on them (something)}, it has been originated from the word rizq, which means a grant.
qawlam-ma’-ruufaa – (kindly speaking, fair talk), well known and pleasing talk is called qawlam-ma’-ruufaa, that is to say; such correct saying, which has gotten a credential of a public assent.
If other people of the same kin are present at the time of division of the inheritance, either those persons out of them who do not merit the share from the heritage or the orphans…

LESSON # 476 - Partners Of Legacy And Hereditary Property

LESSON # 476 FROM HOLY QUR’ANPartners Of Legacy And Hereditary PropertySurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verse – 7 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
Unto the men (of a family) belongeth a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, and unto the women a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, whether it be little or much. A legal share. Lir-rijaali  nasiibum-mimmaa  tarakal-waalidaani  wal-‘aqrabuuna,  wa  linnisaaa-‘i  nasiibum-mimmaa  tarakal-waalidaani  wal-‘aqrabuuna  mimmaa  qalla  minhu  ‘aw  ka-sur.  Nasiibam-mafruuzaa.  

The rights and concessions about orphan children were mentioned in the previous verses. Even that Allah Almighty cleared most petty affairs, which belonged to it, viz. The Mahr (the money or its value incumbent on the husband) of orphan girls should be given without fail, their training and bringing them up should be supervised properly. They should be looked after constantly until they reach the marriageable age. T…

LESSON # 475 - Handing Over The Property Of Orphans

LESSON # 475 FROM HOLY QUR’ANHanding Over The Property Of OrphansSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verse – 6 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
And test orphans till they reach the marriageable age; then, if ye find them of sound judgment, deliver over unto them their fortune; and devour it not by squandering and in haste lest they should grow up. And whoso (of the guardians) is rich, let him abstain generously (from taking of the property of orphans); and whoso is poor let him take thereof in reason (for his guardianship). Then when ye deliver up their property unto orphans, have (the transaction) witnessed in their presence. Allah sufficeth as a Reckoner.Wab-talul-yataamaa  hattaaa  ‘izaa  balagun-nikaah.  Fa-‘in  ‘aanastum-minhum  rushdan-fadfa-‘uuu  ‘ilay-him  ‘amwaala-hum.  Wa  laa  ta’-kuluuhaaa  ‘israafanw-wa  bidaaran  ‘any-yakbaruu.  Wa  man-  kaana  ga-niyyan-  fal-yasta’-fif.  Wa  man-kaana  faqiiran-  fal-ya’kul  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Fa-‘izaa  da…

LESSON # 474 - Right Of Money Incumbent On Husband

LESSON # 474 FROM HOLY QUR’ANRight Of Money Incumbent On HusbandSurah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verse – 4 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
4.  And give unto the women (whom ye marry) free gift of their marriage portions. But if they of their own accord remit unto you a part thereof, then ye are welcome to absorb it (in your wealth).
5.  And give not unto the foolish (what is in) your (keeping of their) wealth, which Allah hath given you to maintain; and feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly unto them.4.  Wa  ‘aatun-nisaaa-‘a  sadu-qaati-hinna  nihlah.  Fa-‘in-  tib-na  lakum  ‘an- shay-‘im-minhu  nafsan-fakuluuhu  haniii-‘am-mariii-‘aa.
5.  Wa  laa  tu’-tussufahaaa-‘a  ‘amwaala-kumullatii  ja-‘alal-laahu  lakum  qiyaaamanw-war-zuquuhum  fiihaa  waksuuhum  wa  quuluu  lahum  qawlam-ma’-ruufaa.

sadu-qaati-hinna – {free gift of women’s marriage portions (who are married recently)}, sadu-qaat is plural of sadaqah which is also used in the meani…

Fair Dealing With The Orphans

LESSON # 473 FROM HOLY QUR’ANFair Dealing With The Orphans Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)Verse – 3 of 176, Section –1/24 (Part – 4)
And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess. Thus it is more likely that ye will not do injustice.  Wa  ‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  tuq-situu  fil-yataamaa  fan-kihuu  maa  taaba  lakum-minan-nisaaa-‘i  masnaa  wa  sulaasa  wa  rubaa’.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  ta’-diluu  fawaa-hidatan  ‘aw  maa  malakat  ‘aymaanukum.  Zaalika  ‘adnaaa  ‘allaa  ta-‘uu-luu.

‘aymaanun - (right hands), it is plural of yamiin which means ‘the right hand’. Whenever any person catches any thing, he catches it usually with his right hand. Therefore, to disclose complete grip of the hand (possession) upon anything, it is said in Arabic idioms, “His right ha…