Saturday, October 10, 2015

Lesson # 844- Refrain from evil deeds

Lesson # 844 from the Noble Quran

Refrain from evil deeds

Surah ‘A’-RAAF (The Heights) – Chapter – 7)
Stage – 2, Verses – 35 & 36 of 206, Section – 4 of 24 (Part - 8) 

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim    
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
                                                                                                            
 35.  O Children of Adam! When Messengers of your own come unto you who narrate unto you My Revelations, then whosoever refraineth from evil and amendeth – there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.

36.  But they who deny Our Revelations and scorn them – such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein forever.     
 35.  yaa-Baniii-Aadama  ‘immaa  ya’-ti-yannakum  Rusulum-minkum  yaqus-suuna  ‘alay-kum  ‘AayaaTii,  famanit-taqaa  wa  ‘aslaha  falaa  khaw-fun  ‘alayhim  wa  laa  hum  yahzanuun.

36.  walla-ziina  kazzabuu  bi- ‘AayaatiNaa  wastak-baruu  ‘an-haaa  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar.  Hum  fiihaa  khaaliduun.  
                                                                                   
             
Lesson
‘Immaa – (If), actually, there are two words – ‘inna and maa, ‘Inna is a word “conditional”, which means “if”. The word “Maa” has been increased with it and “n” of ‘inna has been concealed in “m” of maa.
‘It-taqaa – (refrain from evil, frightened), it is past tense and its origin is ‘ittaqaaa-‘un, which has been derived from Taqwaa, it means – safety, escape. ‘Ittaqaaa-‘un means “refraining from evil due to any fear, so it aims “fear of God”.
‘Astak-baruu – (scorn, was proud, did arrogance), origin of this word is ‘istikbaar, which is from the word kibar. Kibar means – grandeur, pride, greatness. ‘Istikbaar means – haughtiness, vainglory etc. i.e. to consider oneself great. The object from these verses – “considering oneself great” is that “turning face from someone by saying that he/she is not worthy of our status as, some people use to say: What are you causing to know us? We are not child. Those people, who do so, they do arrogance from the advice.

It was pointed out in the previous verse that a prescribed term is given to every nation that it should carry its people on the right path, so that they may not tyrannize one another. But it has been described in this verse that Children of Adam (peace be upon Him) are one nation.

It aims that it is a mutual duty of the entire individuals that they should look after all other persons. Every individual has been admonished that he/she must refrain from evil, fear from God Almighty and try to correct themselves every time.

Allah Almighty commands: O Children of Adam! We have arranged for your guidance in the world. For this purpose, My Messengers (peace be upon Them), who will be mankind like you, will come unto you. You should obey Them. They will instruct you for two things:

·       Refrain from evil and fear from God. Its name is Taqwaa.

·       Do good works. It is called “to correct and amend oneself”.

They will cause to hear you My Revelations. Those individuals, who will follow the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them), they will be saved themselves as well as they will save their nation too from disgrace and ignominy, but those, who will not obey Them (Messengers – peace be upon Them), their abode will be Fire of Hell on the Day of Resurrection.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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