Lesson # 1014 - Making and breaking a treaty

Lesson # 1014 from Noble Quran

Making and breaking a treaty

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, Verses – 55 & 56 of 75, Section – 7 of 10 (Part - 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

55.  Lo! the worst of beasts in Allah’s Sight are the ungrateful who will not believe.

56.  Those of them with whom thou madest a treaty, and then at every opportunity they break their treaty, and they keep not duty (of Allah).         
55.  ‘Inna  sharrad-dawaaabbi  ‘indAllaahil-laziina  kafaruu  fahum  laa  yu’-mi-nuun.

56.  ‘Allaziina  ‘aahatta  minhum  summa  yanqu-zuuna  ‘ahdahum  fii  kulli  marratinw-wa  hum  laa  yatta-quun.       

Lesson

‘Ad-dawaaabbi – (the beasts, livestock), this word is plural of daaabbah which is a tense of feminine subject. Dabb means “to be able to move from own location”. It aims “those beasts which can move at their own”.

Yanqu-zuuna – (they break), origin of this word is naqaza. Naqaza means “to break, to do or go against anyone”. The words “naqiiz, manaaqzah and tanaaqaz etc. are from the same origin”. Every word has the same meaning “breaking, being against or opposing”.  

Holy Qur’an desires to teach us that the human being should not consider himself totally free/independent. He should have belief in his heart that he is obedient and servant of the most Potent and Powerful Lord, God Almighty, Who has created him and all those things which have been scattering around him. And everything has been running according to His prescribed laws.

Out of creatures, the human beings are seen most arrogant and rebellious. Some of them are those; who do not accept that law; which He has prescribed for the humankind; and want to choose their own way. In this verse, attention of these people (who are present now) is being drawn towards the circumstances of those people; who have had contact with Islam and the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) during His times.

It is commanded that the worst people on the earth are those; who do not believe in Allah (God) Almighty and deny His Revelations, and there is no hope that they will believe in future. Obviously, those people; who do not believe in God Almighty; they cannot be faithful to their covenant. Moreover, whenever they get opportunity, break their treaty. These are the people who are the worst in entire creatures of God Almighty.

As before, there were a people of Pharaoh (the circumstances of which have been described in Surah ‘A’-raaf), when they got into any trouble, made a treaty of good disposition with Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). When the distress was removed they broke their treaty.

In the days of God’s last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), the Jews of the tribe of Banu Quraizah were like them (as the folk of Pharaoh). They used to make a treaty with the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) for their safety; that they would not help the idolaters of Makkah. But during war, they used to become their partial, and after war, they used to say to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him): We could not remember. Now again; we make a treaty of being not supporters of them. But when again, there was any opportunity, they broke their treaty. Next to it, it has been explained: In what manner should they be dealt with?

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)